Milestone report tracing the successes and the challenges facing the development of education to identify promising education reform options for the future. It is grounded in a new paradigm that is expected to increase the effectiveness of reform efforts: It emphasizes the central role of incentives and public accountability to meet sector goals. While most reforms in the region have attempted to engineer changes in the education system: building schools, hiring teachers, and writing curricula, the report argues that the success of future reforms will require instead changes in the behavior of key education actors—teachers, administrators, and educational authorities. This is the road not traveled in the education sector.
Download: The Road Not Traveled. Education Reforms in the Middle East and North Africa (World Bank 2008)